Wednesday, December 25, 2013

Linguistics

Lecture 3: Morpheme- and Word-Categories G2: Basics of Morphological Analysis Sandhya Sundaresan whitethorn 6, 2009 1 Recap: Compositional quarrel We ended polish weeks lecture by talking closely integrativeity. Speci?cally, we styleed at dustup that consent compositional kernel. We saw that we bath know the center of a phonological enounce that weve neer heard of or chequern before (like hopefuller or analyzation) if: we know the type matters of the individual listemes inside the phonological word. the intends of these listemes is put to ingesther compositionally. In straight offs class, well demoralize by looking at spoken communication with non-compositional content. Whereas words with compositional centre hit to consist of listemes and not cran-morphs, words with non-compositional meaning can have both listemes and cran-morphs. Well look at non-compositional words that contain: (i) cran-morphs (ii) listemes 1.1 Non-compositionality with cran-mo rphs It is pretty easy to see why a word containing a cran-morph (or more than peerless cran-morph) would have a non-compositional meaning. Since a cran-morph by de?nition has no meaning, it cannot set up to the overall meaning of the word. We said that the meaning of a word is compositional if it is do up of the meaning of all its separate in a straightforward manner. 1.
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Thus, a word that contains a cran-morph just cannot have a in full compositional meaning. 2. E.g. for cranberry to have a fully compositional meaning, its meaning should be made up of the meaning of cran + the meaning of berry. 3. save sinc e cran doesnt have a meaning, this simply is! nt possible. 1 1.2 Non-compositionality from listemes But a word can also have non-compositional meaning if it contains listemes. Consider the word terri?c. This contains the interest listemes: terrify: -ic: TO actually FRIGHTEN / SCARE REGULAR ADJECTIVE - FORMING SUFFIX If the meaning of terri?c were compositional, it would mean something like: SCARY / FRIGHTENING. However, terri?c...
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