Monday, September 2, 2019

Breast Cancer Essay -- essays research papers

BREAST CANCER I) Anatomy of the breast   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The breast is a gland designed to make milk.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   II) What is breast cancer?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Breast cancer is an abnormal growth of cells.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  These abnormal growths are called tumors. Not all tumors are cancerous.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Non-cancerous tumors – benign   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Cancerous tumors – malignant   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  If not treated the cancer may spread to other parts of the body.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  second leading cause of cancer death next to lung cancer.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The incidence of breast cancer is very low in women in their twenties,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  plateaus at 45 and the increase dramatically after fifty. Fifty   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  percent of breast cancer is diagnosed in women over sixty-five. III) Risk factors   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Early onset of menses/menstrual cycle prior to age 12   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Menopause   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Diets high in saturated fats   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Family history   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Late or no pregnancies   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Moderate alcohol intake   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Smoking   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  History of prior breast cancer   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Estrogen replacement therapy   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Therapeutic radiation to chest wall   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Gene mutations   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Moderate obesity   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Female **Every woman is at some risk for breast cancer (does not necessarily mean that just because it does not run in your family that you will not develop breast cancer – According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation 85% of women with breast cancer have a negative family history   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   IV) Symptoms/Early signs   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  A lump in or near your breast   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  A change in the size or shape of your breast   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  &nbs... ...run in your family, you will not get it.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  NO – every woman has some risk of breast cancer, 85% of women who get breast   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  cancer has no known family history   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Only your mother’s family history of breast cancer can affect your risk.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  NO – a history in your mother or father’s family will influence equally   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Using antiperspirants causes breast cancer.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  NO – there is no evidence that influences breast cancer risk   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Birth control pills cause breast cancer.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  NO – most birth control pills contain a low dose of estrogens and progesterone   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  (they however can provide protection against ovarian cancer)   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Breast cancer diagnosis is an automatic death sentence   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  NO – 96% of women diagnosed with breast cancer live at least 5 years, more than   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  70% will survive 10 years

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